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Migration from API server to CRDs

Upgrading Service Catalog from versions 0.2.x (and earlier) to 0.3.x requires a database migration. This document describes how the migration works and what actions must be performed.

NOTE: Before starting the migration, make sure that you have performed a full backup of your cluster. You should also test the procedure on a testing environment first.

Service Catalog upgrade

The above picture describes changes in the Service Catalog architecture made between versions 0.2.0 and 0.3.0:

Upgrade Service Catalog as a Helm release

The Service Catalog Helm release can be upgraded using the helm upgrade command, which runs all necessary actions.

Service Catalog upgrade steps

The upgrade to CRDs consists of the following steps:

  1. Make API Server read-only. Before any backup, we should block any resource changes to be sure the backup makes a snapshot. We need to avoid any changes when the migration tool is backing up resources.
  2. Check if Apiserver deployment with a given name exist. If deployment was not found we skip the migration.
  3. Scale down the Controller Manager to avoid resources processing, such as Secret deletion.
  4. Backup Service Catalog custom resources to files in a Persistent Volume.
  5. Remove OwnerReference fields in all Secrets pointed by any ServiceBinding. This is needed to avoid Secret deletion.
  6. Remove all Service Catalog resources. This must be done if the Service Catalog uses the main Kubernetes etcd instance.
  7. Upgrade the Service Catalog: remove API Server, install CRDs, Webhook Server and roll up the Controller Manager.
  8. Scale down the Controller Manager to avoid any resource processing while applying resources.
  9. Restore all resources. The migration tool sets all necessary fields added in the Service Catalog 0.3.0. Creating resources triggers all logic implemented in webhooks so we can be sure all data are consistent. ServiceInstances are created and then updated because of class/plan references fields. The validation webhooks denies creating ServiceInstances if the reference to ClusterServiceClass or ServiceClass is not set in following fields: Spec.ClusterServiceClassRef, Spec.ClusterServicePlanRef, Spec.ServiceClassRef, Spec.ServicePlanRef. These fields are set during an update operation.
  10. Add proper OwnerReference to all Secrets pointed by ServiceBindings.
  11. Scale up the Controller Manager.

NOTE: In step 6, there is no difference between Service Catalog upgrade using your own etcd or the main Kubernetes etcd.

Upgrade Service Catalog manually

Backup and delete resources

Execute the backup action to scale down the Controller Manager, remove owner references in Secrets and store all resources in a specified folder, then delete all Service Catalog resources.

./service-catalog migration --action backup --storage-path=data/ --service-catalog-namespace=catalog --controller-manager-deployment=catalog-catalog-controller-manager --apiserver-deployment=catalog-catalog-apiserver

Upgrade

Uninstall old Service Catalog and install the new one (version 0.3.0).

Restore

Execute restore action to restore all resources and scale up the Controller Manager.

./service-catalog migration --action restore --storage-path=data/ --service-catalog-namespace=catalog --controller-manager-deployment=catalog-catalog-controller-manager

Migration tool

Migration tool is a set of helper functions integrated into the Service Catalog binary.

Build

To run the migration tool, compile the service-catalog binary by executing the following command:

make build

If you run the migration tool on OSX and want to get a native binary, add the PLATFORM environment variable:

PLATFORM=darwin make build

The resulting executable file can be found in the bin subdirectory.

Execution

You can run the service-catalog binary with the migration parameter which triggers the migration process. For example, run:

./service-catalog migration --action restore --storage-path=data/ --service-catalog-namespace=catalog --controller-manager-deployment=catalog-catalog-controller-manager
Flag Description
action Specifies the action which must be executed. The possible values are backup or restore.
storage-path Points to a folder where resources will be saved.
service-catalog-namespace Specifies the namespace in which the Service Catalog is installed.
controller-manager-deployment Provides the Controller Manager deployment name.
apiserver-deployment Provides the Apiserver deployment name. It is required only for the backup phase.

Implementation details

In order to get a consistent backup, we have to make sure that no resources are modified during the backup process. To achieve that, the migration tool creates ValidatingWebhookConfiguration at the beginning of the backup process to intercept and reject all attempts to mutate Service Catalog resources. Because of the limitation of the Aggregated API Server used in the previous version of Service Catalog, this webhook call fails with the following message:

failed calling webhook "validating.reject-changes-to-sc-crds.servicecatalog.k8s.io": 
webhook does not accept v1beta1 AdmissionReviewRequest

This error message is presented in case of a modification or creation attempt of any Service Catalog resource during the backup process, and it means that the write protection works as expected.

To test the mutation blocking feature, execute the following commands:

Cleanup

You can delete all the migration-related resources using this command:

kubectl delete clusterrole,clusterrolebinding,serviceaccount,job -n catalog -l migration-job=true

Troubleshooting

In case your migration job failed, you can check its logs using the following command:

kubectl logs -n catalog -l migration-job=true

Rollback

In case you want to revert the upgrade, use the helm rollback command which will restore the Service Catalog API Server version.

Before you proceed, you must delete all the Service Catalog resources and CRDs. You must also delete the resources that are not necessary for the Service Catalog API Server version. Use the following commands:

kubectl delete crd -l svcat=true
kubectl delete secret -n catalog catalog-catalog-webhook-cert
kubectl delete sa -n catalog service-catalog-webhook
kubectl delete sa -n catalog clean-job-account

Then you can execute the rollback using this command:

helm rollback catalog 1 --cleanup-on-fail --no-hooks
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